Q&A: 10 Ways to Kill a Copic Nib

 
How to Ruin or Destroy your Copic Marker Nibs | VanillaArts.com
 

It was Miss Scarlett in the library with the candlestick...

No, maybe it was Colonel Mustard in the conservatory with the wrench.

Ah ha! I've got it now...

It was Mr. Prismacolor in the studio with an alcohol based solvent!

Yeah, my Clue game board is perhaps slightly different than yours.

But the point is that we've got a dead Copic marker nib and someone is definitely to blame.

Whodunnit?

Frankie has a question:

You mentioned to be careful of using Copics with some ink liners that they can ruin the marker. So my question is what other things will ruin the marker? Can graphite pencil ruin the marker tip? What about color pencil, will the wax ruin it?

Here's my brain-dump on the subject:

Meaning it's a loose conglomeration of personal sorrows combined with things I've heard from students...

First we need to distinguish between the dead and the unfortunately maimed.

Copic Replacement Nibs | VanillaArts.com

A dead Copic marker nib is one that has been damaged beyond repair and needs to be replaced.

You can do that? Yep, they sell replacement nibs and you can do surgery on your marker, right from home. Also, if your local Copic retailer offers refilling service, they can do it for you. Many Copic instructors also offer the service to their students.

By the way, a "nib" is a fancy-pants technical term for the tips of your Copic marker.

An unfortunately maimed Copic marker nib is one that is ugly but still perfectly serviceable.

So what will kill or maim your Copic nibs? Let's run through my list of unfortunate accidents:

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1. Stamping with the wrong ink pad- 

Copic ink has an alcohol based solvent. If you stamp with an ink pad that uses a similar solvent to stay moist and juicy and then color over it with a Copic marker, you most likely will reactivate that ink. The first clue that something is amiss will be that your marker starts to smear the stamped lines. At that point, you've likely discolored your marker tip (maiming). If you keep going long enough, you're going to pick up enough stamp ink particles that you'll either clog the pores of your nib which impedes proper ink flow (a definite kill) or you'll forever be leaving streaks of ink pad ink everytime you use that marker (not fatal but essentially a kill).

And no, heat setting does not solve your incompatible ink pad problem!!! That's dead wrong, wrongity-wrong. A solvent will always have the ability to chemically reconstitute an ink, no matter how long you let it dry, no matter how much you heat set it. You may prolong the amount of time it takes to smear that ink but it will still happen eventually.

2. Incompatible Ink Jet printer inks-

See stamp pad ink above. Same story only with definitely tragic consequences.

This does not apply to ALL ink jet printers. HP and Brother each have several ink formulations that are Copic safe. If you're a digital stamp collector, you really need to test the printer ink before you buy the printer.

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3. Microns or technical pens other than Multiliners-

Okay, there's always someone who did it and didn't die. Different line pens have different inks, and I suspect the paper also has something to do with the process. But just like stamp pads, you can pick up, drag, and smear technical pen ink. And just like stamp pads, heat setting or long dry times won't negate the incompatibility problem.

Copic developed and sells Multiliners precisely because of this problem. And frankly, I don't understand the reluctance of many Manga artists to switch from Microns to Multiliners. Sheesh, you pay big bucks for each Copic marker but you won't spend the extra $1 to get a technical pen that won't kill your $7 marker??? On what planet does that make good economical sense?

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4. Colored Pencils, wax or oil based pigment sticks-

The official spiel is that you always do your colored pencil work AFTER you've finished ALL the Copic work. And once you put down colored pencil, you NEVER go back and touch anything up.

Copic solvent will dissolve the binder in colored pencil marks which then frees the pigment particles up to clog the pores in your Copic nibs.

Having given you the officially official word, I'll tell you that I'm guilty of violating this law quite regularly. And I've seen other artists violate it religiously, with fervor, and without a care in the world.

It can clog your nibs. But it's not going to happen instantaneously. You have to do it a lot and you've got to be deliberately scrubbing the area repeatedly to encourage the clogging.

So, don't do what I do unless you're prepared to deal with the consequences.

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5. Charcoal, graphite, pastels, and other unbound grainy items like raw or unfired clay (and even dirty surfaces)-

Unlike colored pencils, these items have less binder holding the pigment grains together. Unbound pigments are pretty much guaranteed to clog your nibs on the very first pass.

Will they kill it? Uhhhh.... maybe. I'd imagine clay or pastel is an immediate kill. Clay is pretty wicked.

But I have several nibs that are essentially stained with graphite. They're ugly but they're not clogged and have never transferred the graphite to other projects. Graphite stains are the bane of folks like me who draw, then ink, then color their projects. Even with a good eraser, you always leave some graphite behind and your Copic marker will eventually find it.

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6. Poster paint and white-out-

Basically, we're talking about inexpensive matte paints here. They're usually water based but some white outs have acetone or alcohol as a base.

That matte, shine free, paper like surface they produce is because the particles aren't well bonded to the paper. There's always some rub-off potential, even with a wet finger.

Even a slight touchdown with a Copic will lift off particles and clog the pores.

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8. Acrylic paint, faux embossing, lacquered items-

Copic solvent does a pretty mean job on some plastics, especially acrylic based paints and even cured embossing powders. 

It won't happen instantaneously, not with one touch but with enough contact and the natural friction caused by normal coloring strokes, you will gum up your nibs.

Even worse are lacquered items- non-traditional surface like a gift box or even a shiny or pearl glazed specialty papers. Lacquers ARE by definition alcohol based, so it's not a "maybe it'll clog the pores eventually" but an "it's gonna ruin it darned quick" kind of situation.

And yes, I know you card makers think of embossing powders as "embossing" but it's actually a faux process meant to mimic the look of embossing/debossing. If you're heat-setting a a powder, you're doing the fake thing.

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9. Copic Jelly-

Here's one you may not have thought of but I'd be willing to bet it's on the FBI's Most Wanted List.

Copic Jelly? Really?

Yep. Every time you cap your marker, your marker dings up against the inside of the cap. Often used caps begin to get really messy inside. The ink kinda-maybe-sorta dries on the inside of the cap but it never really fully dries. It's sticky. It's jellyish.

So if you've got a jelly coated marker cap, now every time you replace that cap, you're rubbing a bit of jelly onto your marker tip. It happens with the brush tips A LOT. When you collect enough jelly on your nib, it starts to look dark and leaves jelly streaks on your project. The jelly also prevents full ink flow in those dark patches. Leave it long enough and the entire brush nib will get hard and gunky.

Gunky. That's a technical term.

So cleaning your caps isn't just a think that Copic bloggers like to write about, it's something you really need to stay on top of.

Don't underestimate the importance of good Marker Hygiene.

Okay, so there are 9 ways to maim or kill your Copic nibs.

But ten would be so much nicer, no?

So here's number 10...

Izzy the Copic Eater | VanillaArts.com

10. the family dog-

Uhm...

Don't ask me how I know that a dog's tongue will remain a lovely shade of V09 for approximately 3.25 days....

 

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Q&A: Portraiture- Drawing Faces with Some Accuracy

 
Q&A: Drawing Faces | VanillaArts.com
 

Charlene has a question:

I attempted a self portrait that looks like someone else. I know what part of my problem was: I was seated and looking in a mirror on an angle (downward). Unless I am delusional, I don't really have those jowls.
When I took watercolor classes years ago, we worked from photos and drew grids on them and on our paper. Would that be your recommendation? I would like to be able to draw likenesses of my family that aren't necessarily fine art, but close enough that another person would recognize them. Not caricatures where some features are so highly exaggerated, but somewhat quickly (eventually quickly?) done sketches that would tell a story of what we were doing at an event. I think I wanted to be a comic strip illustrator/writer in another life.

Here are my thoughts:

That's a whopper of a question!

I know many of our readers here do not draw- but faces are something unavoidable in the stamp/card making world. Behind each stamp is an artist and we can color their images better if we understand the process and why some face stamps are far more successful than others.

Portraiture is challenging because you face not one but two hurdles:
1. Physically capturing a personality on paper is one of the toughest things for an artist to accomplish. 
2. Added mental pressure that the artist puts upon themselves in an effort to not only make the portrait accurate but also attractive

Honesty Time-

You were working on a self-portrait which adds another layer of complication to the portraiture challenge-

Dear Lord, please tell me I don't really look like that...

Thoughts on Portraiture | VanillaArts.com

Let's face it, we're not all perfect physical specimens. We associate beauty with facial symmetry and only a small percentage of the population lives up to that standard. Plus we sag with age, we gain weight, we loose weight and become pale or gaunt. A great percentage of portraiture art is subtly fixing flaws. Even on children, I thin the under-jaw zone and remove dark circles and eye bags- those are things we associate with age but even children have them. I've fixed more facial flaws than any plastic surgeon!

So the sucky answer is yes, you do have jowls. We all have jowls. But they're not obvious to the people you see in everyday life because we see you in motion- we see you talking, laughing, smiling and your face is constantly in flux. Motion obscures flaws like jowls, wonky eyes, or one eyebrow higher than the other. It's only when you freeze frame yourself in an awkward position that the jowls become obvious and obnoxious. 

Try this test the next time a beautiful actress comes on your television screen- hit pause. Does she still look beautiful with her mouth frozen mid-word and her left eye squinching on it's way to a smile? Hit play and then hit pause again, I'll bet the new pose is even worse. You can't freeze frame anyone into beauty.

Pose and lighting play a gigantic factor in portraiture. Pose someone correctly and they're beautiful, catch them from the wrong angle and they become instant FBI's Most Wanted poster material. The good news is that there are lots of photography resources that you can consult for slimming and attractive poses. That info works for illustrated portraits too.

N.Rockwell's Triple Self Portrait | Drawing Faces at VanillaArts.com

the self-pose problem-

You were drawing yourself from life rather than a photo reference. As tricky as it is to pose someone else attractively, it's even harder to pose yourself and still be able to draw. Adding to the problem is that you pose & look, then move & draw. I'll bet you never got yourself back into the same exact pose more than a few times.

One of the reasons why I love Norman Rockwell's Triple Self Portrait is because he demonstrates the problem precisely. Reality is what's shown in the mirror- it's unposed, awkward, and unflattering.

Do your homework-

I want you to look really closely at the painting inside the painting. Rockwell is giving us a clue to his self-portrait process. In his upper right canvas, he has bits of inspiration but the juicy clue is what he has in the left corner. He has several portrait studies tacked there. This is the pre-work that good portrait artists always do. It's the homework or the practice before the final attempt. Frankly, I think Mr. Rockwell was an absolute genius and it gives me great comfort to know that he didn't sit down and simply watch the greatness ooze from his fingertips. He had to do his homework and do lots of preparatory drawings- even for something as familiar as the face he saw every time he brushed his teeth.

So don't expect your first self portrait to look much like yourself or to capture much of your spirit. Portraiture is never one-and-done. Mr. Rockwell has 5 studies plus the mirror portrait that all lead up to what he's finalizing on the large canvas.

The problem with grids-

Yes, you can use a grid system. I know they're a staple in many art classes.

Grid Done Wrong- Drawing Faces | VanillaArts.com

But I'm not a fan of grids, especially for beginning drawing students. It's not because the grids are bad but because the vast majority of of art teachers don't teach their students how to make or to use them properly.

This is an example of a grid that will teach you nothing. It's set up wrong and chances are, you'll use it wrong too.

Even if you get the grid right, they're mentally problematic.

When you're caught up in a grid, you loose the feel for the whole face. We've all seen grid drawings where someone drew each square separately and a few squares don't quite match up with their neighbor.

Even if you correctly get rid of your grid after the initial drafting stage, chances are that you're still thinking about facial features in relation to the grid rather than how one eye relates to the other, how the eyes relate to the nose, and how a great big smile can warp every other feature on a face. Faces are about the relationship of a person's features, not mathematical grids and imaginary symmetry.

I'd much rather see you trying the thumb or pencil measure test to correct your proportions. Squint and measure, squint and measure. A fly-on-the-wall video of me drawing people would be hilarious for all the scrunched up faces I make in the measuring process.

Preliminary Study Work for portrature | VanillaArts.com

Gasp! she said the "T" word!

My next suggestion is going to cause some controversy but I'll tell you anyway.

Start tracing photographs.

Ack! Yes. I said trace. When you trace, you're learning proportions- proportions of faces in general and proportions of your subject specifically.

Tracing is drawing with training wheels on.

I almost always trace someone's face at least once before I move over to my larger drawing.  A preliminary trace helps me spot the unique characteristics of the subjects features, especially the eye openings. Once I spot trouble areas in a trace, I'm better prepared to deal with them in the final drawing.

Traced Facial Landmarks | VanillaArts.com

Here's exactly what I was tracing in the photograph above. I call this "landmarking" and it's what I use to see the slant of the head, the eye proportions, and make measurements without all the distractions of photographic details. My landmark trace measures the same as the primary photo reference about 2.5" from chin to scalp. The final painting will be 11x14".

On the computer, you can see a second photo reference. I'm actually tracing a live pic taken at a graduation ceremony (which is too blurry to be a stand-alone reference) but I'm studying a studio posed head shot with a very similar angle WHILE I trace. My small landmark trace is only one component of the final drawing.

While I no longer trace complete details anymore,  I really encourage my students to start with FULL sized, FULL feature tracing. It's not cheating, it's learning where the important stuff goes. I'm not suggesting that tracings should form the basis for all drawings for the rest of your life. I'm saying that tracings are an excellent learning tool which can keep you from developing inaccurate tendencies like drawing oversized eyes or undersizing the forehead or jawline.

Last bit of advice- the least glamorous part-

No one draws beautiful faces overnight. It takes years and years of development. You must practice until your fingers fall off and then maybe you'll draw something that is almost fridge-worthy.

Start a small journal, a Moleskine 5x8" is a good size. Something you can keep in your purse and pull out when you have a spare moment. If you're not comfortable drawing from life, stick a few folded up magazine faces into the journal and work on them.

The important thing is that your logging minutes with a pencil in hand. The more you draw faces, the better you'll see face proportions. The better you see, the better you'll draw.