Three topics of conversation to avoid at your next dinner party- religion, politics, and the best way to sharpen a pencil
At least when dining with artists.
You think I'm joking, but I've seen a woman brought to tears over the subject. Not kidding. People have some seriously strong feelings about this.
And the rest of you are sitting there wondering what the heck I'm talking about...
Pencils are an important tool of the trade. Actually, "important" doesn't begin to cover it. Pencils are vital to art. And behind every good pencil, there's a pencil sharpener.
(Yes, even mechanical or wood-less pencil mavens shape their leads to a preferred point.)
There are three major schools of pencil sharpener philosophy:
Top to bottom:
- Prismacolor sharpened with the Prismacolor brand HAND-HELD PRISM STYLE SHARPENER
- Prismacolor sharpened with an ELECTRIC, ROTATING SPIRAL BLADE SHARPENER
- Charcoal pencil HAND SHARPENED WITH A BLADE OR KNIFE
Where an artist comes down in the Great Sharpener Debate usually has a lot to do with their training. That drags emotional baggage into the discussion because we all secretly think we're the only ones to receive a proper education. After all, the rest of the field is filled with dithering idiots, right?
But this debate leaves the crafters of the world completely befuddled because they're surrounded by teachers, magazine tutorials, and craft show experts who are all dispensing completely contradictory information.
Use electrical! NO! Use a hand held! NO, THAT'S NOT RIGHT! You'll only get good results from a razor blade!
Because I work with beginners (and also a lot of derailed artists looking to get back into the groove), I get asked the pencil sharpener question. A lot.
And I always answer the question with a very firm...
Well, it kinda depends.
I know. My answer is complete mush. But hear me out, the correct answer depends entirely upon what you are trying to accomplish and what materials you are using.
I use the sharpener that works best for me. I've tried several methods and a ton of tools, and after 25 years, I know what works for the work I do.
There's really no point in jello wrestling over this. What sings for me on small scale items will not work for let's say, a muralist. And neither of our methods may be right for you.
So for you, it does no good to ask just any random artist "what's the best pencil sharpener?" You need to narrow your inquiries to only those artists working in your same medium and who are producing the same stroke quality you desire to imitate.
How did you sharpen your pencil to make this mark? And then point to the area you're interested in. That's the correct question
There is not one correct answer- Be willing to test new methods
My primary mentor hand-sharpened all his pencils with a box cutter blade and made us do the same. Hand sharpening has its place- the charcoal pencil shown above is the pencil I use every Wednesday for life drawing class and I always use a blade on it.
But that same blade method produces a completely awful point on Prismacolor pencils.. Why spend 3-5 minutes doing it old school if the tip is inferior to 20 seconds in an electric or hand sharpener? It is an improper use of my time to whittle colored pencil leads for my high detail projects
As a teacher, the best thing I can do is present to you the various methods that might work for your situation.
What kills me is when a student is clearly having problems and yet ignores my solution because a mentor sold them on a different pencil sharpener.
And I've had more than one student prance into class with their Michael's recommended, Prismacolor certified pencil sharpener- a sharpener that yields a blunt and soft tip that is completely inappropriate to the method I teach.
Yes, I understand that the word on the street is that the Prismacolor sharpener is the only one suitable for sharpening PC pencils- that it saves lead, money, and frustration. Everyone should own two and use them every darned day.
To which I say "pfffttt, maybe"
But if a student is looking to duplicate my stroke quality, they're never gonna get it with that sharpener. Never. Never, never, never. You'd have a better chance at mimicking me with a hand bladed pencil lead than using the Prismacolor sharpener.
Why I use what I use
Let's stipulate my parameters first: I do large areas and backgrounds with Copic marker and I do the super-fine detail work with colored pencil. I use cross hatching to build up layers of visible strokes rather than soft-blending. I never use solvents.
Because of this, I require a super fine tip that retains a point for as long as possible. Blunt tips are pretty useless to me and my stroke quality noticeably degrades as the point disappears.
To get a fine point that lasts as long as possible, I use an electric sharpener that gives me a long narrow taper. I had a plug-in heavy duty Boston Electric desk model which my cat killed in April. Apparently, it was in the way during a nap emergency. I'm now researching a replacement plug-in model and it looks like Boston Electric was bought-out by X-acto which has poorer quality ratings.
Until I replace the desk version, I'm using the cheapo yet portable battery sharpener which I take to classes, an Omnitech model made for Staples Office Supply stores. I've had it about 6 months and it sharpens just fine. It's loud and cheap and at an $7 price point, I'll bet the quality control isn't great. But my little guy doesn't eat batteries too fast, and if I ignore the obnoxious color, it's really not too bad.
As you can see, the brand, price, and color are not my main focus when selecting a sharpener. I look for two features:
- Long narrow taper on the point
- Point-trigger feature that prevents oversharpening
The objection to electrical sharpeners is that you waste pencil lead. And while that may have once been true back in maybe 1962, it's not really a problem today. Even my cheapie has a trigger button inside that stops the blade from rotating after the pencil has been fully sharpened. You simply can't sharpen a pencil for 2 hours straight if it has that stop-button safety feature.
In fact, I had one student vehemently object to my not using a prism sharpener due to lead wastage. So I showed her my Omnitech which had about a weeks worth of shavings in it and we compared that to the pile of woodchips that she'd generated in 1 hour of class time... there was no comparison. I was clearly wasting less wood because my sharpener knew exactly when to quit.
My primary goal is a long, narrow tip
I'll use any sharpener that gives me that long length of pencil lead.
One, because I want to leave a fine line but two, I don't want to sharpen as often.
Here's an enlargement of my sharpened pencils. The left is my Omnitech cheapo and the right is the premium Prismacolor hand held.
Assume that we both take 10 strokes to wear down our leads to the orange line. Look at the difference in diameter! One can go longer between sharpenings with a long taper tip because it stays thinner longer.
Yes, I know. Prismacolor does tend to break more often with a long taper but here's the thing I've noticed: when it does break, there tends to be a sharp edge left that I can use for about a dozen strokes before I have to sharpen.
In my classes, most of the time when a student is having difficulty, it's in large part due to a dull lead. I've noticed that they make a stroke, it doesn't look quite right so they put a new stroke on top of it, and then another and another and another. If they'd just sharpen, they'd get the stroke right the first time instead of overworking the area.
Ultimately, what good is all that saved pencil lead if you never learn to do a technique properly? Even worse, you pay for it emotionally when your results don't match up with the teacher or your neighbor's. The cost of a colored pencil is minimal compared to the price you pay in confidence and self esteem.
Having said that, I still have a use for blunt tipped pencils
Sometimes the situation does call for a smoother blend with no visible strokes. Like backgrounds or on faces- places were I want to hide my lines.
Remember, different situations call for different techniques. Good artists are chameleons and will adjust their technique to get the best results.
What do I do when I need a soft blunt tip?
Peach is a color that I use for both soft and hard strokes. So I have two peach pencils, one usually has a fresh point on it and the other is dull. I have about 6 colors that I keep two versions of
- light peach
- dark green
- tuscan red
I'm not suggesting that you do a Noah and keep two of everything in the ark, but if you find yourself constantly scribbling on scrap paper to wear down a point, you might want to keep a second of that color handy and dull.
But let's say you're still worried about lead wastage
Want to know what really, really, really extends the life of your pencils, no matter what sharpener you own?
Pencil extenders. They come in all sorts of varieties (some are far more comfortable than others) but they all add about 4-5 inches of handle to short pencils.
I own six.
They work best when the pencils are 2-3 inches long, longer than that and they try to bend under firm pressure.
I regularly use my pencils down to nubby stubs. My record is just under 1 inch long and I had to quit because there wasn't enough pencil to grip while sharpening.
That same student who chided me for wasting lead in an electric sharpener was throwing away all pencils shorter than 4 inches long.
Hmmm... who wastes lead???
It's never a cut & dried answer
You need to evaluate the way you use your pencil and choose the sharpener that gives you the desired point.
If you do soft circular strokes with your colored pencil, my long narrow point is not going to work. You're much better off with a sharp knife and an altoid tin to catch the shavings.
If you're afraid of blades, then try the shallow prism sharpeners.
The point is that anyone who emphatically insists that Brand X sharpener is the only sharpener for all of mankind is wrong.
And frankly, I'd question their judgement on more than just sharpeners.
Get a few recommendations from artists and crafters that you admire
What's the best sharpener for art pencils?
The winner of your tests. The best sharpener is the one that works for you.